Science

Objectives:

Biology

To understand;
- the structure and function of cells
- how organisms grow and control themselves
- how characteristics are passed on
- how organisms have evolved and continue to do so

Chemistry

To understand;
- how the periodic table is organised
- the structure of an atom
- the bonding and proeprties of different substances
- how acids react

Physics

To understand;
- how forces change motion
- Newton’s first three laws
- How energy is transferred and conserved
- The properties, uses and dangers of waves


Term

Autumn

Spring

Summer

Unit

B1 Key concepts in Biology

C2 States of matter and mixtures

P2 Motion and force

B2 Cells and control

C1 Key concepts in chemistry

P3 Conservation of energy

B3 Genetics

C3 Chemical change

P4 Waves

P5 Light and the EM Spectrum

B4 Natural selection and genetic modification

Time

7 weeks

7 weeks

5 weeks

6 weeks

6 weeks

7 weeks

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Biology

Microscopes

- Developments
- Using metric scales to calculate magnification

Plant and Animal cells

- Identify  organelles and their function
- Specialised cells

Bacterial and Yeast cells

- Structure and function

Core practical 1.6 Investigating biological specimens using microscopes

Enzymes

- Mechanism of action and uses
- Effect of temperature, pH and substrate concentration

Cell transport

- Diffusion
- Osmosis
- Active transport

Core practical 1.16 Investigating osmosis in potatoes

Chemistry

States of Matter

- Particle arrangement in solids, liquids, gasses
- Change of state

Separating mixtures

- Filtration
- Crystallisation
- Chromatography
- Distillation (including fractional distillation)

Core practical Investigate the composition of inks using simple distillation and paper chromatography

Drinking Water

- Methods of making water safe for drinking
- Distillation of sea water

Physics

Motion

- Vectors and Scalars
- Distance time graphs (including calculating speed)
- Velocity time graphs
- Calculating acceleration

Forces

- Resultant force
- Newton’s First Law
- Centripetal force
- Mass and Weight
- Newton’s Second Law
- Newton’s Third Law

Core Practical Investigate the relationship between force, mass and acceleration

Momentum

- Calculate momentum
- Use Newton’s third law to carry out collision calculations

Stopping distances and crashes

- Factors affecting thinking distances and braking distances
- Crash Hazards (dangers of large deceleration)
- Safety features

Biology

Mitosis

- Stages of the cell cycle
- Process  and importance of mitosis
- Cancer

Growth

- Cell division and differentiation in animals
- Cell division, elongation and differentiation in plants

Stem cells

- Function in plants and animals
- Benefits and risks of stem cell medicine

Nervous system

- Structure and function
- Reflex arc

Chemistry

Atomic structure

- Dalton model and how it has changed
- Desribe structure of an atom
- Atomic mass and number
- Isotopes

Periodic table

- How Mendeleev arranged the periodic table
- Organisation of modern periodic table
- Electron configuration

Ionic bonding

- Formation of ions
- Formation of ionic bonds
- Structure, formulae and properties of ionic compounds

Covalent Bonds

- Formation
- Simple covalent compounds
- Giant covalent compounds
- Fullerenes
- Polymers

Metals

- Structure and bonding
- Properties

Physics

Energy transfers

- Forms of energy
- Stores of energy
- Energy transfer diagrams
- Calculating efficiency
- Insulation and energy conservation

Energy calculations

- Gravitational potential energy
- Kinetic energy

Energy sources

- Renewable sources
- Non-renewable sources

Biology

Genetic material

- Structure of DNA
- Extraction of DNA
- Genes and Alleles

Inheritance

- Explain monohybrid inheritance using Punnett squares
- Inheritance of gender

Variation

- Genetic
- Environmental
- Mutations
- Meiosis

Human genome project

- Outcomes
- Potential medical uses

Chemistry

Acids

- pH scale
- Types of acid
- Indicators
- Bases and Alkalis

Core Practical 3.6 Investigating changes in pH

Reaction of acids (and the writing of equations for)

- Metals
- Metal oxides
- Metal hydroxides
- Metal carbonates
- Neutralisation reactions
- Formation of soluble salts
- Titration

Core practical 3.17 Investigate the preparation of copper sulfate crystals

Chemical tests

- Hydrogen
- Carbon dioxide

Solubility in water of substances in water

-Precipitation reactions
- Predicting if a substance is soluble or insoluble
- Methods used to prepare samples of insoluble slats

Physics

Waves

- Describing waves (frequency, wavelength, amplitude, period)
- Longitudinal
- Transverse
- Wave velocity
- Refraction

Core practical 5.9 Investigate refraction 

Physics

EM Spectrum

- Recall the parts of the spectrum
- Properties of EM waves
- Effect of wavelength and frequency on properties
- Uses of EM waves
- Harmful effects of EM waves
- Interaction of radio waves and electric circuits

Biology

Human evolution

- Fossil evidence
- Tools as evidence

Darwin

- Theory of Natural selection
- Antibiotic resistant microbes as evidence for natural selection

Selective breeding

- Impact on food and domesticated animals
- Evaluate benefits and risks

Genetic engineering

- Describe the main stages
- Evaluate benefits and risks

Classification

- 5 Kingdom system
- 3 domain system and how genetic analysis has led to it