Science

Objectives:

Biology

 To understand;
- the structure and function of cells
- how organisms grow and control themselves
- how characteristics are passed on
- how organisms have evolved and continue to do so.
- how pathogens and lifestyle cause disease and the body’s defences

Chemistry

To understand;
- how the periodic table is organised
- the structure of an atom
- the bonding and proeprties of different substances
- how acids react
- how to carry out quantitative chemistry calculations

Physics

To understand;
- how forces change motion
- Newton’s first three laws
- How energy is transferred and conserved
- the properties, uses and dangers of waves
- the relationship between forces and energy
- how objects interact


Year

Year 10

Term

Autumn

Spring

Summer

Unit

B1 Key concepts in Biology

C2 States of matter and mixtures

P2 Motion and force

P1 Key concepts in physics (this topic is embedded into all other physics topics)

P2 Motion and force

B2 Cells and control

C1 Key concepts in chemistry

P1 Key concepts in physics

C1 Key concepts in chemistry

P3 Conservation of energy

B3 Genetics

P1 Key concepts in physics

B3 Genetics

B4 Natural selection and genetic modification

P4 Waves

P1 key concepts in physics

P5 Light and the EM Spectrum

C3 Chemical change

B5 Health, disease and the development of medicines

P6 Radioactivity

C1 Calculations involving masses (not assessed in year 10 exam)

P7 Energy- Forces during work

P8 Force and their effect

Time

7 weeks

7 weeks

5 weeks

6 weeks

6 weeks

7 weeks

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Biology

Microscopes

Developments

Using metric scales to calculate magnification

Plant and Animal cells

Identify  organelles and their function

Specialised cells

Bacterial and Yeast cells

Structure and function

Core practical 1.6 Investigating biological specimens using microscopes

Enzymes

Mechanism of action and uses

Effect of temperature, pH and substrate concentration

Cell transport

Diffusion

Osmosis

Active transport

Core practical 1.16 Investigating osmosis in potatoes

Chemistry

States of Matter

Particle arrangement in solids, liquids, gasses

Change of state

Separating mixtures

Filtration

Crystallisation

Chromatography

Distillation (including fractional distillation)

Core practical Investigate the composition of inks using simple distillation and paper chromatography

Drinking Water

Methods of making water safe for drinking

Distillation of sea water

Physics

Motion

Vectors and Scalars

Distance time graphs (including calculating speed)

Velocity time graphs

Calculating acceleration

Physics

Forces

Resultant force

Newton’s First Law

Centripetal force

Mass and Weight

Newton’s Second Law

Newton’s Third Law

Core Practical Investigate the relationship between force, mass and acceleration

Momentum

Calculate momentum

Use Newton’s third law to carry out collision calculations

Stopping distances and crashes

Factors affecting thinking distances and braking distances

Crash Hazards (dangers of large deceleration)

Safety features

Biology

Mitosis

Stages of the cell cycle

Process  and importance of mitosis

Cancer

Growth

Cell division and differentiation in animals

Cell division, elongation and differentiation in plants

Stem cells

Function in plants and animals

Benefits and risks of stem cell medicine

Nervous system

Structure and function

Reflex arc

Chemistry

Atomic structure

Dalton model and how it has changed

Desribe structure of an atom

Atomic mass and number

Isotopes

Periodic table

How Mendeleev arranged the periodic table

Organisation of modern periodic table

Electron configuration

Chemistry

Ionic bonding

Formation of ions

Formation of ionic bonds

Structure, formulae and properties of ionic compounds

Covalent Bonds

Formation

Simple covalent compounds

Giant covalent compounds

Fullerenes

Polymers

Metals

Structure and bonding

Properties

Physics

Energy transfers

Forms of energy

Stores of energy

Energy transfer diagrams

Calculating efficiency

Insulation and energy conservation

Energy calculations

Gravitational potential energy

Kinetic energy

Energy sources

Renewable sources

Non-renewable sources

Biology

Genetic material

Structure of DNA

Extraction of DNA

Genes and Alleles

Inheritance

Explain monohybrid inheritance using Punnett squares

Inheritance of gender

Biology

Variation

Genetic

Environmental

Mutations

Meiosis

Human genome project

Outcomes

Potential medical uses

Human evolution

Fossil evidence

Tools as evidence

Darwin

Theory of Natural selection

Antibiotic resistant microbes as evidence for natural selection

Selective breeding

Impact on food and domesticated animals

Evaluate benefits and risks

Genetic engineering

Describe the main stages

Evaluate benefits and risks

Classification

5 Kingdom system

3 domain system and how genetic analysis has led to it

Physics

Waves

Describing waves (frequency, wavelength, amplitude, period)

Longitudinal

Transverse

Wave velocity

Refraction

 Core practical 5.9 Investigate refraction

Physics

EM Spectrum

Recall the parts of the spectrum

Properties of EM waves

Effect of wavelength and frequency on properties

Uses of EM waves

Harmful effects of EM waves

Interaction of radio waves and electric circuits

Biology year 10 external exam 2/5/2017 (B1-B4)

Chemistry year 10 external exam 3/5/2017 (C1-C2)

Physics year 10 external exam 4/5/2017 (P1-P5)

Chemistry

Acids

pH scale

Types of acid

Indicators

Bases and Alkalis

Core Practical 3.6 Investigating changes in pH

Reaction of acids (and the writing of equations for)

Metals

Metal oxides

Metal hydroxides

Metal carbonates

Neutralisation reactions

Formation of soluble salts

Titration

Core practical 3.17 Investigate the preparation of copper sulfate crystals

Chemical tests

Hydrogen

Carbon dioxide

Solubility in water of substances in water

Precipitation reactions

Predicting if a substance is soluble or insoluble

Methods used to prepare samples of insoluble slats

Biology

Health and Disease

Pathogens

Disease types

Defences and drugs

Cardiovascular disease

Physics

Radioactivity

Atomic models

Effect of EM radiation on electron configuration

Background radiation

Radioactive decay

Half life

Hazards and risks

Chemistry

Calculations

Relative formulas mass

Empirical formula

Conservation of mass and yields

Avogadro constant, moles and stoichiometry

Physics

Force and energy

Work done

Power

Forces and their effect

Vector and scalar quantities

Interactions (gravitational, contact, magnetic and electrostatic forces)

Free body force diagrams


Year

Year 11

Term

Autumn

Spring

 

Unit

 

 

 

 

 

Time

7 weeks

7 weeks

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5 weeks

6 weeks

3 weeks

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