Physics

Objectives:

Develop Practical skills assessed in written examination (PAG); demonstrate understanding of Physical quantities, units and measurements, scalar and vector quantities, Investigate Motion, measurement of ‘g’ and SUVAT equations, equilibrium, turning forces; Describe and calculate Work, energy and power, properties of materials; Demonstrate Hooke’s Law and Young modulus, Newton’s Laws of motion, Investigate current in charge and current in electrical circuits, energy, power, resistance and resistivity;  State and describe Kirchoff’s laws and state rules for resistance in Series and Parallel circuits.  Explain wave features and properties of waves; describe properties and uses of electromagnetic waves and polarised waves; Explain the superposition of waves and interference; determine the wavelength of light using diffraction gratings; explain the features of stationary waves and how they are formed; define the photon and electron-volt; explain the photoelectric effect, Use investigative and mathematical methods to explain wave particle duality.


Year

Year 12

Term

Autumn

Spring

Summer

Unit

AS Physics Induction/ Maths skills

Module 2: Foundations of Physics

2.1 Physical Quantities and Units

2.2 Nature of quantities

Module 3: Forces and Motion

3.1 Motion

PAG

Module 3: Forces and Motion

3.2 Forces in action

3.3 Work, energy and power

3.4 Materials

PAG

Module 4: Electrons, waves and photons

4.1 Electricity, charge and current

4.2 Electricity: energy, power and resistance

4.3 Electricity: electrical circuits

Module 4.4 Waves

Module 4.5 Quantum Physics

Time

7 weeks

7 weeks

5 weeks

6 weeks

6 weeks

7 weeks

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Wk2: Induction/ Maths skills in Physics

Wk3: Physical quantities and units, Errors, Precision and accuracy, Uncertainties

Wk 4: Practice PAG, Scalar and Vectors; end of module 2 test.

Wk 5: Resolving vectors, Definitions in kinematics, Graphs of motion

Wk 6: SUVAT equations, free fall

Wk 7: PAG 

Wk1: Force and the newton, dynamics, drag, terminal velocity

Wk2: Equilibrium, turning forces, centre of mass

Wk3: Density, Pressure, practise questions, Work and the joule,

Wk4: conservation of energy, PE and KE, Power and the Watt, Efficiency

Wk5: Deformation of materials, Hooke’s Law, Young modulus

Wk6: Categorisation of materials, Revision of Module 3, end of module 3 test.

Wk7: PAG  

Wk1: Electric circuit components, electric current and charge, electron drift velocity

Wk2: PD and EMF, Resistance and Ohm’s Law, Resistance of circuit components. (PAG)

Wk3: Resistivity, Electrical Power and cost of electrical energy

Wk4: Kirchoff’s Laws, Series and Parallel circuits (PAG)

Wk5: Potential divider and internal resistance

Wk6: Revision of topic/ Mock prep

Wk7: Mock exam prep/ mock exams

Wk1: Wave motion, wave terminology, wave speed and equation, Properties of waves

Wk2: Electromagnetic Waves, Polarisation, Refraction of light (PAG)

Wk3: Total internal reflection, Interference,

Wk4: Young’s double-slit experiment, diffraction gratings

Wk5: Stationary Waves & PAG

Wk6: Revision and End of topic test: Waves

Wk1: The photon and the electron-volt, Photoelectric effect

Wk2: Wave-particle duality, practise questions

Wk3: Review of Quantum Physics module

Wk4: Prepare for End of Module 4 test

Wk5: Newton’s Laws of Motion, Momentum (PAG)

W6: Momentum, force and impulse, elastic and inelastic collisions

EXTERNAL and INTERNAL EXAMS

Review of Y12 PAGS

Feedback from Mock exams

Y12-13 Independent learning project – Astrophysics/ Cosmology from Y13 module. 


Objectives:

Develop Practical skills assessed in written examination (PAG);

Module 5.1: Thermal Physics - Thermal equilibrium, absolute temperature scale, kinetic theory, Brownian motion, internal energy, specific heat and latent heat, moles and Avogadro no, Gas Laws and Ideal gases;

Module 5.2: Circular Motion – radians, angular velocity, motion in a circular path, centripetal acceleration and force;

Module 5.3: Oscillations – Simple Harmonic motion, energy of a simple harmonic oscillator, Damping and resonance.

Module 5.4: Gravitational fields – Point and spherical masses, Newton’s Law of gravitation, Planetary motion, orbits and satellites, Keplers laws, HR diagram.

Module 5.5: Astrophysics and cosmology – Stars and their formation/ lifecycle, Electromagnetic radiation from stars, energy levels and spectral lines, emission and absorption spectra, Wien’s Law and Stefan’s Law, Astronomical distances, light years and and parsecs, Cosmological principle, Doppler effect and red shift, Hubble’s law and the expanding universe, Big bang theory and evolution of the universe.

Module 6: Particle and Medical Physics;

Module 6.1: Capacitors, Energy stored by capacitors, charging and discharging capacitors.

Module 6.2: Electric Fields – Point and spherical charges, Coulomb’s Law, Uniform electric field, electric potential and energy.

Module 6.3: Electromagnetism – Magnetic fields, Motion of charged particles, Electromagnetism.

Module 6.4: Nuclear and Particle Physics: The nuclear atom, Fundamental particles, Radioactivity, Nuclear fission and fusion.

Module 6.5: Medical Imaging: Using X-rays, Diagnostic methods in medicine, Using ultrasound.


Year

Year 13

Term

Autumn

Spring

 

Unit

Unit 5.1 Thermal Physics

Unit 5.2 Circular Motion

Unit 5.3 Oscillations

Unit 5.3 Oscillations

Unit 5.4 Gravitational Fields

Unit 5.5 Astrophysics and Cosmology 

Unit 6.1 Capacitors

Unit 6.2 Electric Fields

Unit 6.3 Electromagnetism

Unit 6.4 Nuclear and Particle Physics

Unit 6.5 Medical Imaging

Exam prep

 

Time

7 weeks

7 weeks

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5 weeks

6 weeks

3 weeks

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5.1:  Absolute temperature scale, kinetic model for matter; Brownian motion, Internal energy; specific heat capacity of a substance, specific latent heat of fusion and specific latent heat of vaporisation; amount of substance in moles; Avogadro constant, model of kinetic theory of gases, pressure, Ideal gases and the gas laws, Ideal gas equation, root mean square speed, Boltzmann constant.

5.2: Kinematics of circular motion, radian of an angle, period, frequency and angular velocity, constant speed in a circle, centripetal acceleration, force and associated equations.

Revision of topics: 5.1, 5.2

End of unit 5.1 and 5.2 tests

PAGs

5.3: Define displacement, amplitude, period, frequency, angular frequency and phase difference, define and use equation for simple harmonic motion; the period of a simple harmonic oscillator is independent of its amplitude ; graphical methods to relate the changes in displacement, velocity and acceleration during simple harmonic motion.

5.3: Interchange between kinetic and potential energy during simple harmonic motion; energy-displacement graphs for a simple harmonic oscillator; identify free and forced oscillations, describe the effects of damping on oscillatory systems, explain resonance.

5.4: Gravitational fields are due to objects having mass; gravitational field lines, gravitational field strength, Newton’s law of gravitation, Keplers laws of planetary motion, forces on planets in orbit, Geostationary orbits and satellites;  Gravitational potential, escape velocity.

5.5: formation and life-cycle of the star, Hertzsprung–Russell (HR) diagram as luminosity temperature plot. Energy levels and energy level diagrams, emission spectral lines and transition of electrons, emission spectra, Wien’s Law, Stefan’s Law; astronomical distances, light years and the parsec, stellar parallax, the Cosmological principle, Doppler effect, Hubble’s Law, Model of expanding universe, Big bang theory.

PAGs

Revision of topics 5.3 – 5.5

End of topic tests

Trip to Royal Observatory Greenwich

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6.1: Capacitors and the Farad, charging and discharging capacitors, Total capacitance – series and parallel, analysing RC circuits, Energy stored by capacitors, time constant of an RC circuit, graphical methods modelling capacitor discharge and exponential decay graph.

6.2: Define point and spherical masses,  electric field lines, electric field strength; Equations for Coulombs Law and electric field strength, similarities and differences between the gravitational field of a point mass and the electric field of a point charge; define electric potential, capacitance for an isolated sphere; electric potential energy.

6.3: Magnetic fields and magnetic field lines, magnetic field patterns for current-carrying conductors including a solenoid, Fleming’s Left hand rule, force on a current-carrying conductor, define magnetic flux density; the unit tesla; force on a charged particle travelling at right angles to a uniform magnetic field; charged particles moving in a uniform magnetic field; circular orbits of charged particles in a uniform magnetic field; velocity selector, define magnetic flux,  the unit weber; magnetic flux linkage, Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction and Lenz’s law, the simple AC generator, transformers and the transformer equation.

PAGs

Revision of topics 6.1-6.3

End of topic tests

6.4: Properties of the Nuclear atom, alpha-particle scattering experiment; evidence of a small charged nucleus, simple nuclear model, strong nuclear force; mean densities of atoms and nuclei; particles and antiparticles, classification of hadrons and leptons; simple quark model of hadrons. beta-minus (β- ) decay; beta-plus (β+) decay, beta decay in terms of quark model, decay of particles of quark model.  Definition of radioactive decay, nuclear decay equations, activity of a source; decay constant of an isotope, half-life and decay equations, carbon dating; nuclear fission and fusion; Einstein’s mass-energy equation, mass defect, binding energy, structure of fission reactor, environmental impact of nuclear waste, balancing nuclear transformation equations.

6.5: Structure of an X-ray tube, production of X-rays, X-ray attenuation mechanisms, X-ray imaging with contrast media; CAT scanning, Diagnostic methods  in medicine, medical tracers, gamma camera, PET scanner, Using ultrasound; piezoelectric effect, Ultrasound – A-scan and B-scans, acoustic impedance of a medium, impedance matching, Doppler effect and determining the speed of blood in a patient.

PAGs

Revision of topics 6.1-6.3

End of topic tests

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